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Archive for June, 2011

Abstract

There is a current debate over which, nature or nurture, has a greater impact over humans. While behavioral genetic studies have led to the general acceptance of the importance of both genetic and environmental influences on most measures of complex cognitive behavior, that which holds the greatest importance, or, better, the manners in which these variables interact with each other, are still unknown. A study of the current literature on the subject, including reported case studies comparing the effects of nature and nurture on children will enlighten the main effects of these two types of forces that help shape children. Furthermore, the nature-nurture debate was applied to the study of the effects of different cultural upbringings on siblings. This study suggested that once siblings were exposed to different cultural environments, their habits and behavior were also altered, leading them to differentiate themselves from their siblings. The amount the siblings changed was more correlated to the age in which they were exposed to these environments rather than the amount of time they have spent there. Ultimately, these results confirm previously performed research in the fact that the environment the siblings were brought up in did influence their behavior to a certain extent, their genetic make-up also contributing to their current behavior.

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 Abstract

This objective of this case study was to analyze why students cheat, which gender cheats more and if they find their actions acceptable. It has been hypothesized that the students would mainly cheat because they were too lazy to study – male being the gender that would mostly cheat – and they are aware that cheating is wrong yet they do it anyway. After handing out a questionnaire to the High School students of Escola Americana de Campinas, the results somewhat corresponded to the hypothesis. After the results were thoroughly examined, it was seen that “many students” in each grade have cheated, both genders are equally dishonest, and their parents are unaware of their actions. It can be concluded that cheating has become more common throughout the years, and students are forgetting to abide to their ethics, as well as the schools. If the case study was to be redone, parents, teachers, and principals would have been interviewed, so an additional point of view would enhance the analysis of this study case.

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Abstract

This research studied the acculturation of Japanese Brazilians.  After questionnaires and interviews were conducted with Nisei and Sansei Japanese Brazilians in Campinas, the results of previous research about adaptation by James M. Henslin were confirmed.  The results indicated that more acculturation had taken place for Sanseis than Niseis.  Sanseis were closer to Brazilians in various ways such as language, customs, and world view than were Niseis.  However, most of the Sanseis as well as Niseis were proud of their Japanese heritage and valued Japanese culture and traditions.  Although the sample was relatively small and the result may be somewhat skewed as most of them have spent some time in Japan, it does indicate a correlation between previous studies on acculturation and adaptation in a heterogeneous cohort of Nisei and Sansei Japanese Brazilians living and working in Campinas.  As it was a small sample, there needs to be further research in this area.

In order to find out how acculturation takes place over different generations, a questionnaire was given to Nisei (second generation) and Sansei (third generation) Japanese Brazilians.  Some were interviewed and others answered a questionnaire, concerning certain aspects that were expected to change as they went through acculturation.  (Y. Y. Kim)

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